Timeline: The Civil War

The Civil War (1861-1865), fought largely over the future of slavery in the United States, marked a watershed in the nation's history, particularly for African Americans. The Emancipation Proclamation of January 1, 1863, Union victory at War and the subsequent Reconstruction Amendments to the Constitution promised a new dawn for the South's four million freed men, women and children.

But in the 1870s, as Reconstruction faltered and the Freedmen's Bureau retreated, the gains made by African Americans were peeled back, replaced by the discriminatory policies marking the "Jim Crow" era. Reconstruction had failed, and the long battle for Civil Rights in the United States had begun. It culminated, one hundred years after the Civil War, in the Civil Rights Act of 1964.

Please use your mouse to drag the timeline forward or backward through the years. Or, use the scroll up/down keys on your keyboard. Click on any event for more details.

The Civil War: 1850-1877


Project Director - Simon Lewis, Ph.D.
Metadata Coordinator - Angela Flenner, MLIS, MS
Technology Coordinator - Heather Gilbert, MLIS, MFA
Project Assistants - John Harris, MA and Neal Polhemus, MA

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